Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science Division I, Tokyo University of Science
*The organization and the title are those when awarded
New analytical tools that enable the measurements on water in nanometer-sized interfacial and confined nanospaces have been required. Water in such restricted nanospaces plays important roles for chemical processes at the surfaces of electrodes and catalysts, in nanospaces between intracellular organelles, and in reaction pockets of enzymes. However, such analytical tools have to meet the requirements both high-sensitivity and site-specificity, because the total amount of water in such nanospaces is extremely small and it is generally buried in surrounding aqueous solutions. Here we developed a new Raman spectroscopic technique based on a signal enhancement utilizing transiently generated electrons. Since Raman spectra sensitively reflect local water structures, it can be expected that the electron-enhanced Raman technique will provide a new tool to measure water in restricted environments when it is combined with site-selective electron-injecting methods.
Raman spectroscopy, which is a kind of laser spectroscopy, is a useful analytical tool to identify molecular structures.
But with liquid samples, it is difficult to develop industrial applications because the signal is very weak.
Prof. Yui discovered a new Raman enhancement phenomenon, named electron-enhanced Raman scattering, which enhances the Raman scattering intensity by up to 100,000 times, utilizing electron effect generated by irradiating strong laser pulse into an aqueous sample.
The discovery led him to the development of a new analytical technique that can measure Raman spectra by only one shot of irradiation, even under a strong background.
This new method analyzes microscopic structures and properties of such samples as surface of aqueous solutions and “super-critical water”.
It is expected to be applied to the continuous online measurements of various aqueous samples, such as rinse water at the semiconductor production site, cooling water of power plants and running water in the environment.